Above Ground on the London Underground–Day 25: 'A Cathedral to Nature'
I’m taking a virtual walking tour ‘above ground’ on the London Underground. Using my Tube guide & my fitbit® device, my goal is to walk 10,000 steps a day roughly following along the Underground route, reporting back here on Fridays with my findings. Here are the days that came before. We're on the Piccadilly Line. This is Day 25
Sir Hans Sloane, 1660-1753
Not unlike the Horniman Museum which we visited back on Day 13, the Natural History Museum got its’ start as the result of one man’s passion gone amok. Sir Hans Sloane, was the renowned physician to King George I, a celebrity doctor, whose work took him around the world treating the royal and the rich, a profession that enabled him to gather an extensive collection of natural history specimens and cultural artifacts. Part of his gathering penchant led him to a delicious discovery: chocolate. Bringing it back to England from Jamaica, Sloane believed the treat had health benefits—doesn’t it?—and devised a recipe for drinking the stuff that Cadbury’s ultimately bought. And maybe chocolate is good for your health; Sloane lived until he was 93!
On his death is 1753, the collection of over 71,000 objects (chocolate not included)—valued at over £50,000—was bequeathed to King George II on behalf of the people of England, per Sloane’s will, for £20,000. In 1753, via an Act of Parliament the purchase was made and the British Museum was born, the doors to the building opening in 1759.
Are you getting all these dates down? There’ll be a quiz later. Not telling you when. A pop quiz. Could pop up any old time. Be prepared.
A century later, the British Museum hired Sir Richard Owen—he’s the scientist credited with coming up with the name for dinosaurs— who soon found the space too small to house the burgeoning collection and convinced the powers that be to build a separate home for the Natural History Museum. Owen even drew up a plan in 1859, modestly calling it ‘Idea of a Museum of Natural History.’
In 1864 they held a design contest—if only TV had been invented, I would totally watch the show on Bravo or HGTV—but the winner, Francis Fowke, designer of the Royal Albert Hall, died a year later so the gig went to Alfred Waterhouse, an unknown. In April of 1881, the new museum—still under the umbrella of the British Museum but now called the Natural History Museum, opened its doors in South Kensington. Or South Ken as the locals call it.
And what doors they are! Look at that entry! Look at those intricately carved columns! Waterhouse let Owen’s 'Idea of a Museum of Natural History’ be his guide, creating a stunning example of Victorian Romanesque and Romanesque Revival architecture.
A Cathedral to NatureThe structure, a two-sided symmetrical plan built around the central entrance, the cathedral-like Hintze Hall and grand staircase, combines arches and towers, and was the first building in London to be clad in terra cotta. Cheap, resistant to acid rain, here in Southern California I’m accustomed to seeing terra cotta on rooftops and patios, the material is a rich legacy of our Mexican roots. In London, the terra cotta, a new innovation, was easy to keep clean, especially important in the then-sooty skies of the city.
The terra cotta doesn’t stop outside, inside there are specially created terra cotta elements inspired by flora and fauna, sketched and sculpted by Waterhouse. Look up and you can see the motif continues on the gallery ceilings where ornate tiles display plants from around the globe. There are 162 individual panels on Hintze Hall's ceiling alone. Lavish stained glass windows follow the same theme.
The Natural History Museum opened at a time when museum visits were only for the rich, there were no school field trips with piles of kids running around open-mouthed and wide eyed with wonder. Owen, wanting the natural treasures to be accessible to everyone and anyone, insisted the museum be free and open to all. It was and it still is.
“From my youth I have been a great observer and admirer of the wonderful power, wisdom and contrivance of the Almighty God, appearing in the works of his Creation; and have gathered together many things in my own travels or voyages, or had them from others.”His greatest wish was for the entirety of his collection to be kept together in one place, proof of the hand of God at work upon the earth.
“the manifestation of the glory of God, the confutation of atheism and its consequences, the use and improvement of physic, and other arts and sciences, and benefit of mankind”It seems to me the building is a reflection of all three men. Sloane who started it all with his enormous collection, the visionary who dreamed of a place where anyone and everyone could visit and discover the wonders of the world, and the architect who made the Cathedral of Nature a reality. It’s enough to make an agnostic like me, think twice.
We didn’t make much progress in our trek above ground on the London Underground this week, but it couldn’t be helped. A building that majestic deserves its moment in the sun.
So while we didn’t really add any miles to our tote, here’s where we are on the map and walking recap from last week.
The question is for next week, should we head to the Victoria & Albert Museum next or head back down to South Kensington Station and the Picadilly line? I’m open to suggestions.
Natural History Museum
Cromwell Rd, South Kensington, London SW7 5BD
+44 20 7942 5000
Counting the Fitbit Steps
What do you think? It’s a short one third of a mile to the museum but after all the walking around, I can probably fulfill my daily goal of 10,000 steps, right? Let’s say I did.
Day 1-24: 195,990 steps/87.85 miles
Day 25: Natural History Museum etc none
Total Imaginary Miles to Date 195,990 steps/87.85 miles
Every Friday I join Joy Weese Moll for British Isles Friday ...
come on along.